By Navana Pharmaceuticals Ltd.
Unit Price: 56
Last Updated: 2019-09-01 15:34:07
For the topical treatment of inflamed dermatoses where infection by susceptible organisms and inflammation coexist e.g. intertrigo and infected eczema. For moist or dry eczema or dermatitis including atopic eczema, primary irritant or contact allergic eczema or seborrheic eczema including that associated with acne. Also for interiginous eczema including inflammatory interigo, perianal and genital dermatitis. Organisms which are susceptible to miconazole are dermatophytes and pathogenic yeasts (e.g. Candida spp.): also many Gram-positive bacteria including many strains of Streptococcus and Staphylococcus.
Miconazole nitrate is an imidazole antifungal agent and possesses antibacterial activity. At low concentrations, it interacts with fungal cytochrome P450 which results in inhibition of a demethylation step in the biosynthesis of ergosterol. At high concentrations, miconazole interacts with membrane lipids causing direct membrane damage which results in leakage of fungus cell constituents. It appears that fungistatic effects result from the inhibition of membrane sterol synthesis and membrane.
Hydrocortisone is a corticosteroid used for its anti-inflammatory and immunosuppressive effects. Its anti-inflammatory action is due to the suppression of migration of polymorphonuclear leukocytes and reversal of increased capillary permeability. It may also be used as replacement therapy in adrenocortical insufficiency.
Hydrocortisone & Combined preparations
It should be applied topically to the affected area two or three times daily. The same dosage applies to both adults and children. In infants, long term continuous topical corticosteroid therapy should be avoided. Occlusive dressing is usually only necessary in the case of nail lesions. Once the inflammatory symptoms have disappointed (after about 7 days) treatment can be continued where necessary with this cream.
Generally it is well tolerated. An allergic reaction to any of the ingredient of the cream may occur. Rarely, irritation & burning may occur.
It should be used with caution when applied to extensive surface areas or under occlusive dressings including baby napkins. Application to the face should be avoided.
Amphotericin antagonises effect of miconazole.
Administration of corticosteroids to pregnant animal at high doses can cause abnormalities of fetal development. Topical steroids should not be extensively used in pregnancy.
The drug is contraindicated in individuals with a history of sensitivity reactions to Miconazole or any of the components of the preparation, viral disease of the skin (herpes, chickenpox), perioral dermatitis, rosaceae, ulcerative conditions, tuberculous or syphilitic processes.
Protect from light and moisture.