Lisiril

Lisiril, a brand name for a formulation containing essential Lisinopril, is widely used for various health benefits. This guide provides comprehensive information on the uses, dosage, side effects, and mechanism of action of Lisiril, as well as insights into how long it takes to work. Understanding these aspects can help you make informed decisions about its use and effectiveness.

Lisiril Introduction

Lisiril is a commonly prescribed medication for the treatment of high blood pressure and congestive heart failure. It belongs to a group of medications known as angiotensin converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors. This medicine may also be used in combination with other drugs to treat conditions such as kidney disease and further protect against stroke in certain individuals.

Uses For Lisiril

Lisiril is used for the following purposes:

  • To treat high blood pressure.
  • To treat congestive heart failure.
  • To reduce the risk of stroke in certain individuals.
  • To treat kidney problems caused by diabetes.

Mechanism of Action

Lisiril works by blocking a specific enzyme (angiotensin converting enzyme) in the body. This prevents the production of a hormone called Angiotensin II that causes blood vessels to narrow, leading to an increase in blood pressure. By blocking this enzyme, Lisiril helps to reduce blood pressure and improve blood supply to the heart and other organs.

How Long Does it Take to Work?

Lisiril usually begins to take effect within an hour of taking the medication. It may take up to two weeks for the full effects of this drug to be seen. This varies depending on the individual and their underlying health conditions.

Absorption

Lisiril is rapidly and completely absorbed from the gastrointestinal tract. Peak concentrations of the drug are generally seen within 1 to 2 hours after administration. The overall bioavailability of the drug is approximately 80%.

Route of Elimination

Lisiril is primarily eliminated via the kidneys. About 70% to 80% of the drug is eliminated from the body within 24 hours.

Dosage

Lisiril is available in tablets and liquid form in a range of dosages. It is usually taken once daily, with or without food. Usual adult dosages for the treatment of hypertension range from 10 mg to 40 mg, while doses for congestive heart failure generally range from 5 mg to 20 mg. These dosages may vary based on the individual patient and their underlying health conditions.

Administration

Lisiril should be taken exactly as prescribed by your doctor, with regards to timing, dosage, and overall frequency. For the tablets, swallow the pill whole with a glass of water. For the oral solution, dilute the dosage with 4 ounces (120 mL) of water, apple juice, or orange juice before consuming. Do not mix the medication with other liquids.

Side Effects

Common reported side effects include:

  • Dizziness
  • Headache
  • Fatigue
  • Nausea
  • Coughing

Toxicity

Overdose of lisinopril can cause a drop in blood pressure, which can lead to Loss of consciousness, shallow breathing, seizures, and cardiac arrest. If an overdose is suspected, seek medical attention immediately.

Precaution

If you are allergic to lisinopril, have had a recent heart attack, or are pregnant or breastfeeding, tell your doctor before starting on lisinopril. Some people may have a particularly low levels of sodium or potassium in their body, and so they may need to have their electrolytes monitored while taking lisinopril. If you have any kidney problems or a history of heart problems, then lisinopril may not be suitable for you.

Interaction

Lisiril can interact with a variety of medications, including but not limited to aspirin, potassium-sparing diuretics, non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), and potassium supplements. Drinking alcohol while on lisinopril may increase your risk of experiencing certain side effects. Therefore, it is best to avoid alcohol if possible.

Disease Interaction

Lisiril can interact with certain diseases, such as diabetes, kidney problems, and liver disease. If you have any of these conditions, tell your doctor before starting on lisinopril. Your doctor may need to adjust your dosage or order regular blood tests to monitor your progress.

Drug Interaction

Certain drugs may interact with lisinopril, and not all interactions may be known. Examples include aspirin, potassium-sparing diuretics, non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), potassium supplements, ACE inhibitors, angiotensin II receptor blockers, vessels dilators, and calcium channel blockers. Tell your doctor about any other medications, supplements, or herbal products you may be taking before starting on lisinopril.

Food Interactions

There are no known food interactions with lisinopril. However, it is best to take the medication with food to reduce the risk of stomach upset.

Pregnancy Use

Lisiril falls into pregnancy category D, meaning that it can harm a developing fetus. Therefore, if you are pregnant or could become pregnant, you should avoid taking this medicine. Talk with your doctor about safe alternatives during pregnancy.

Lactation Use

Lisiril passes into breast milk and can harm an infant, so it is not recommended while breastfeeding. Talk to your doctor about your options during lactation.

Acute Overdose

If you suspect you have taken an overdose of lisinopril, seek immediate medical attention. Symptoms of overdose may include: fainting, seizures, shallow breathing, loss of consciousness, or cardiac arrest.

Contraindication

Do not take lisinopril if you are allergic to it, have had a recent heart attack, during pregnancy or breastfeeding, or if you have a history of kidney or liver problems.

Use Direction

Lisiril should be taken as directed by your doctor. Swallow the tablets whole with a glass of water. For the liquid formulation, dilute the dosage with 4 ounces (120 mL) of water, apple juice, or orange juice before consuming. Do not mix the medication with other liquids. The tablets can be taken with or without food. It is usually taken once daily.

Storage Condition

Lisiril should be stored at room temperature, away from direct light and moisture. Do not store in the bathroom. Keep all medications away from children and pets.

Volume of Distribution

The volume of distribution for lisinopril is 0.87 L/kg.

Half Life

The half-life of lisinopril is 12 hours.

Clearance

The clearance rate of lisinopril is 0.075 L/hr/kg.

Here you find in details version of Lisiril