Ionozem Cd

Ionozem Cd, a brand name for a formulation containing essential Diltiazem, is widely used for various health benefits. This guide provides comprehensive information on the uses, dosage, side effects, and mechanism of action of Ionozem Cd, as well as insights into how long it takes to work. Understanding these aspects can help you make informed decisions about its use and effectiveness.

Introduction

Ionozem Cd is a calcium channel blocker and is used to treat a number of conditions including high blood pressure, chest pain (angina) and abnormal heart rhythms. It comes in a range of formulations including tablets, capsules, and injections.

Uses for

  • Treating high blood pressure
  • Treating chest pain (angina)
  • Treating irregular heart rhythms

Mechanism of action

Ionozem Cd belongs to a class of drugs called calcium channel blockers. It works by blocking the flow of calcium into the cells of the heart and blood vessels. This decreases the force of contraction of the heart muscle and improves blood flow. It also affects the heart's electrical signals, which helps the heart to beat in a regular rhythm.

How long does it take to work?

Ionozem Cd can start to work within 15 minutes of taking the drug, and its effects may last up to 24 hours. However, the effects of the drug may vary depending on the individual.

Absorption

Ionozem Cd is absorbed quickly in the gastrointestinal tract with peak concentrations achieved within 2 to 4 hours.

Route of elimination

Ionozem Cd is primarily eliminated through the kidneys. Approximately 60% of a dose of diltiazem is eliminated unchanged in the urine.

Dosage

Ionozem Cd dosage can vary depending on the individual and the condition being treated. A starting dose of 30 mg 2 to 4 times a day is typically recommended for most conditions. A doctor should be consulted for specific dosing instructions.

Administration

Ionozem Cd can be taken orally or administered intravenously. It is important to take diltiazem as prescribed by the doctor and not to increase dosage without consulting the doctor first.

Side Effects

Common side effects of diltiazem include dizziness, headache, nausea, constipation, and fatigue. Serious side effects may include difficulty breathing, chest pain, slow or irregular heartbeat, and signs of an allergic reaction.

Toxicity

Overdose symptoms may include extreme drowsiness, slow or uneven heartbeat, confusion, and fainting. If an overdose is suspected, seek immediate medical attention.

Precaution

It is important to inform the doctor of any other medications that are being taken, as diltiazem may interact with certain drugs. It is also important to tell the doctor if there is a history of liver or kidney disease, as diltiazem may not be safe in these cases.

Interaction

Ionozem Cd may interact with certain drugs including diuretics, non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) and beta-blockers, as these drugs can increase the risk of low blood pressure.

Disease Interactions

Patients with a history of certain medical conditions may not be able to take diltiazem safely. These include heart disease, liver or kidney disease, and bronchial asthma. Patients with a history of heart block or sick sinus syndrome may need to be closely monitored for signs of irregular heartbeat or low blood pressure.

Drug Interactions

Ionozem Cd may interact with many different drugs, including certain antibiotics, antifungal medications, calcium channel blockers, and antacids. It is important to tell the doctor about any other medications that are being taken in order to avoid any potential drug interactions.

Food Interactions

Ionozem Cd should be taken with food or milk to reduce the chance of stomach upset. Grapefruit and grapefruit juice should be avoided as this may increase the blood levels of diltiazem and increase the risk of side effects.

Pregnancy Use

Ionozem Cd is not recommended for use in pregnant women as it may harm the unborn child. It is important to talk to the doctor before using this medication if there is a chance of pregnancy.

Lactation Use

Ionozem Cd should not be used while breastfeeding, as there is a risk of it passing into breast milk and affecting the baby.

Acute Overdose

Acute overdose of diltiazem can cause severe hypotension, bradycardia, heart block, and conduction disturbances. Treatment may involve the use of vasopressors to raise a patient's blood pressure or using a pacemaker to normalize the patient's heart rate.

Contraindication

Ionozem Cd should not be used in patients with a known hypersensitivity or allergy to the drug, as this can cause severe reactions. It should also be avoided in patients with certain medical conditions, including sick sinus syndrome, severe bradycardia, AST/ALT levels greater than three times the upper limit of normal, and severe liver dysfunction.

Use Direction

Ionozem Cd should be taken as prescribed by the doctor. It is important to follow the instructions on the prescription label and to take the medication at the same times each day. Additionally, it is important to take the medication with food or milk in order to reduce the risk of stomach upset.

Storage Conditions

Ionozem Cd should be stored at room temperature in a dry and dark place, away from direct sunlight and heat. It should be kept away from children and pets.

Volume of Distribution

The volume of distribution of diltiazem is 20.4 L/kg.

Half Life

The half life of diltiazem is 3 to 7 hours.

Clearance

The clearance of diltiazem is 0.18 L/h/kg.

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