By Ibn-Sina Pharmaceuticals Ltd.
Weight: 1 gm/vial
Unit Price: 770
Last Updated: 2019-11-05 09:25:23
Cefepime is indicated in abdominal infections, Respiratory tract infections, Skin and skin structure infections, Urinary tract infections, Empiric therapy for febrile neutropenic patients.
Cefepime inhibits bacterial cell wall synthesis by binding to 1 or more of the penicillin-binding proteins (PBPs) which in turn inhibit the final transpeptidation step of peptidoglycan synthesis in bacterial cell walls, thus inhibiting cell wall biosynthesis. Bacteria eventually lyse due to ongoing activity of cell wall autolytic enzymes (autolysis and murein hydrolases) while cell wall assembly is arrested.
Fourth generation Cephalosporins
Abdominal infections, Respiratory tract infections, Skin and skin structure infections, Urinary tract infections:
Empiric therapy for febrile neutropenic patients:
Headache, rash, diarrhoea, nausea, vomiting, local reactions (e.g. phlebitis, pain and/or inflammation), neutropenia, positive direct Coombs' test.
Hypersensitivity to penicillins or other β-lactam antibiotics. Patient with history of seizure disorder, history of GI disease, particularly colitis. Renal impairment. Pregnancy and lactation. Prolonged use may result in overgrowth of non-susceptible organisms.
Increased potential for nephrotoxicity and ototoxicity of aminoglycosides. Increased risk of nephrotoxicity with potent diuretics (e.g. furosemide).
Pregnancy Category B. Either animal-reproduction studies have not demonstrated a foetal risk but there are no controlled studies in pregnant women or animal-reproduction studies have shown an adverse effect (other than a decrease in fertility) that was not confirmed in controlled studies in women in the 1st trimester (and there is no evidence of a risk in later trimesters).
Symptoms: Encephalopathy (disturbance of consciousness including confusion, hallucinations, stupor, and coma), myoclonus, seizures, neuromuscular excitability and non-convulsive status epilepticus.
Management: Supportive treatment. Haemodialysis is recommended in case of renal insufficiency.
Hypersensitivity to cefepime or other cephalosporins.
IV infusion: Add 5 mL, 10 mL, or 10 mL of a compatible IV soln to a vial labeled as containing 500 mg, 1 g, or 2 g, respectively, to provide soln containing approx 100 mg/mL, 100 mg/mL, or 160 mg/mL of the drug, respectively. The appropriate dose of the drug should then be added to a compatible IV soln.
IM inj: Add 1.3 mL or 2.4 mL of an appropriate diluent (e.g. sterile water for inj, NaCl 0.9%) to a vial labeled as containing 500 mg or 1 g respectively, to provide a soln containing approx 280 mg/mL.
Store between 20-25°C. Protect from light.