Elvanse

Elvanse, a brand name for a formulation containing essential Lisdexamfetamine, is widely used for various health benefits. This guide provides comprehensive information on the uses, dosage, side effects, and mechanism of action of Elvanse, as well as insights into how long it takes to work. Understanding these aspects can help you make informed decisions about its use and effectiveness.

Elvanse

Elvanse, also known as Vyvanse, is a medication used to treat attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). It is a stimulant medication from the amphetamine family. Elvanse is thought to work by increasing levels of dopamine and norepinephrine in the brain, which are hormones that affect mood and behavior.

Uses for

Elvanse is used to treat Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD). It can also be used to treat binge eating disorder.

Mechanism of Action

Elvanse works by increasing levels of dopamine and norepinephrine in the brain. These hormones play a role in controlling mood and behavior. Elvanse works by blocking the reuptake of dopamine and norepinephrine by neurons. This increases the amount of dopamine and norepinephrine available to cells, which in turn increases attention and lowers impulsivity and hyperactivity.

How Long Does it Take to Work?

The effects of lisdexamfetamine can be felt within an hour, although it may take up to 3 hours to reach its peak effects. The effects usually last up to 14 hours.

Absorption

Elvanse is rapidly absorbed. It reaches peak concentrations in the bloodstream 1-2 hours after administration.

Route of Elimination

Elvanse is primarily eliminated via the kidneys. A small amount can also be eliminated through the feces.

Dosage

The recommended dose of lisdexamfetamine for adults is 30-70 mg per day. The recommended dose for children 6 to 12 years old is 30-50 mg per day. The dose needs to be adjusted according to response and tolerance. The maximum recommended dose is 70mg per day.

Administration

Elvanse should be taken by mouth once daily, preferably in the morning. It can be taken with or without food.

Side Effects

Common side effects of lisdexamfetamine include nausea, headache, dry mouth, insomnia, and decreased appetite. Other side effects include dizziness, irritability, nervousness, restlessness, and increased heart rate.

Toxicity

Elvanse can be toxic if taken in large amounts. Symptoms of overdose may include vomiting, diarrhea, confusion, tremors, restlessness, increased heart rate, and agitation. In severe cases, coma, seizures, and death can occur.

Precautions

Elvanse should not be taken if you have a history of heart disease, high blood pressure, glaucoma, an overactive thyroid, tics or Tourette’s syndrome. It should also be avoided in people with a history of drug or alcohol abuse.

Interaction

Elvanse may interact with certain medications, such as antidepressants, antipsychotics, and anticonvulsants. It can also interact with certain supplements such as omega-3 fatty acids, melatonin, and St. John's wort.

Disease Interactions

People with heart disease, high blood pressure, glaucoma, and an overactive thyroid should avoid taking lisdexamfetamine. People with a history of drug or alcohol abuse should also avoid taking lisdexamfetamine.

Drug Interactions

Elvanse may interact with certain medications, such as antidepressants, antipsychotics, anticonvulsants, and supplements such as omega-3 fatty acids, melatonin, and St. John's Wort. It is important to tell your doctor or pharmacist about all the medications, vitamins, and herbs you are taking before taking lisdexamfetamine.

Food Interactions

Taking lisdexamfetamine with food may reduce its effectiveness. Alcohol should not be consumed while taking lisdexamfetamine as it can increase the risk of serious side effects.

Pregnancy Use

Elvanse is classed as a category C medication, which means it is not recommended for use during pregnancy due to potential harm to the unborn baby.

Lactation Use

Elvanse is not recommended for use while breastfeeding due to the potential risk of serious side effects to the infant.

Acute Overdose

Symptoms of an overdose may include vomiting, diarrhea, confusion, tremors, restlessness, increased heart rate, and agitation. In severe cases, coma, seizures, and death can occur. If you suspect an overdose, contact a poison control center immediately.

Contraindication

Elvanse should not be taken by people with a history of drug or alcohol abuse. It should also not be taken by people with heart disease, high blood pressure, glaucoma, an overactive thyroid, or tics or Tourette’s syndrome. People with a history of psychosis or manic episodes should also not take this medication.

Use Direction

Elvanse should be taken as instructed by your doctor or pharmacist. It may be taken with or without food. The dose should be adjusted according to response and tolerance. The maximum recommended dose is 70mg per day.

Storage Condition

Elvanse should be stored at room temperature away from light and moisture. Keep out of reach of children.

Volume of Distribution

The volume of distribution for lisdexamfetamine is 3.7 L/kg.

Half Life

The half-life of lisdexamfetamine is 10 hours.

Clearance

The clearance of lisdexamfetamine is 152 mL/min/1.73m2.

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