Cyanocobalamine, a brand name for a formulation containing essential Cyanocobalamin, is widely used for various health benefits. This guide provides comprehensive information on the uses, dosage, side effects, and mechanism of action of Cyanocobalamine, as well as insights into how long it takes to work. Understanding these aspects can help you make informed decisions about its use and effectiveness.

Cyanocobalamine Introduction

Cyanocobalamine (also known as Vitamin B12) is an essential nutrient that plays a key role in the production of healthy red blood cells, maintenance of nerve cells, and in the metabolism of amino acids and carbohydrates. Cyanocobalamine is a man-made form of vitamin B12 used to treat certain anemias and nervous system disorders, as well as to prevent vitamin B12 deficiency.

Uses For Cyanocobalamine

Cyanocobalamine is used to treat a deficiency of Vitamin B12. It is also used to treat or prevent anemia caused by vitamin B12 deficiency, as well as pernicious anemia, which is a form of anemia caused by the inability to absorb vitamin B12 from the intestines.

Mechanism Of Action

Cyanocobalamine works by converting carbohydrates into glucose, which is used by the body to make energy. It also helps to form healthy red blood cells and helps to maintain healthy nerve cells. The active ingredient of cyanocobalamin helps to convert the amino acid homocysteine into methionine, which is important for the production of healthy cells.

How Long Does It Take To Work?

Cyanocobalamine usually starts to work within two to four weeks after starting treatment. Effects of treatment may include improved energy levels, improved red blood cell production, and improved nerve function.


Cyanocobalamine is readily absorbed across the gastrointestinal tract. It is then transported to target cells where it is stored until it is ready to be used in the body.

Route Of Elimination

Cyanocobalamine is eliminated in the urine, feces, sweat and saliva.


The amount of cyanocobalamin you should take depends on your age, weight, medical history, and other medications you may be taking. Dosage is usually determined by your doctor.


Cyanocobalamine can be taken orally or as an injection. It is generally taken once daily. You should take it at the same time each day and follow the instructions of your doctor or pharmacist for proper use.

Side Effects

Common side effects of cyanocobalamin include nausea, vomiting, flu-like symptoms, diarrhea, and constipation. It may also cause allergic reactions, such as skin rash or itching. More serious side effects may include a decrease in blood cell production, liver problems, or difficulty breathing.


Cyanocobalamine is considered to have low toxicity. It is generally safe at the recommended doses. However, an overdose of cyanocobalamin can cause serious side effects, including life-threatening anemia or allergic reactions.


Cyanocobalamine should be used with caution in patients with liver or kidney disease, bleeding disorders, anemia, or diabetes. Tell your doctor if you have any of these conditions before taking cyanocobalamin.


Cyanocobalamine can interact with certain medications, including antibiotics, anticoagulants, and NSAIDs. Tell your doctor or pharmacist about other medications you are taking before taking cyanocobalamin.

Disease Interaction

If you have any disease that could affect the way cyanocobalamin is used in the body, tell your doctor or pharmacist before taking it. This includes any kidney or liver diseases, anemias, or diseases that affect the absorption of nutrients from the digestive tract.

Drug Interaction

Cyanocobalamine can interact with some medications, such as antibiotics, anticoagulants, and NSAIDs. Tell your doctor or pharmacist about other medications you are taking before taking cyanocobalamin.

Food Interactions

Cyanocobalamine should be taken with food to ensure absorption. It should not be taken with anything containing high amounts of calcium, such as dairy products, antacids, or calcium supplements.

Pregnancy Use

Cyanocobalamine is generally safe during pregnancy. However, it is important to talk to your doctor before taking any medication or supplement during pregnancy.

Lactation Use

Cyanocobalamine is generally safe to take during breastfeeding. However, it is important to talk to your doctor before taking any medication or supplement while breastfeeding.

Acute Overdose

Acute overdoses of cyanocobalamin can cause severe symptoms, including nausea, vomiting, and rapid heart rate. If you or someone you know has taken an overdose of cyanocobalamin, seek emergency medical help immediately.


Cyanocobalamine should not be taken by people who are allergic to cobalamin or other ingredients in the medication. It should also not be taken by people with Leber's disease, as cyanocobalamin can cause serious eye problems in people with this condition.

Use Directions

Take cyanocobalamin exactly as your doctor or pharmacist has prescribed. It is generally taken once daily with food. Do not take more than the recommended dose. If you miss a dose, take it as soon as possible and continue with your regular schedule. Do not take two doses at the same time.

Storage Condition

Cyanocobalamine should be stored at room temperature away from direct light and moisture. Do not store near excessively high or low temperatures. Keep out of reach of children and pets.

Volume Of Distribution

Cyanocobalamine has an estimated volume of distribution between 8 to 13 L/kg.

Half Life

Cyanocobalamine has an estimated half-life of 12 to 48 hours.


Cyanocobalamine is primarily cleared through the urinary system. Its clearance is estimated to be 30 to 50 ml/min.

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