|Therapeutic Class:||Other adrenoceptor stimulants, Vasoconstrictor/Venotonic|
|Manufacturer:||Seema Pharmaceuticals Ltd.|
|Last Updated:||2020-11-19 18:15:00|
Asmaphen Tablet contains Ephedrine Hydrochloride. Asmaphen uses:
Acute bronchospasm, Acute bronchospasm, Anaesthesia-induced hypotension, Nasal congestion
Asmaphen Tablet contains Ephedrine Hydrochloride 30 mg. Asmaphen doses:
Reversal of spinal or epidural anaesthesia-induced hypotension:
Tachycardia, anxiety, nausea, restlessness, insomnia, tremor, dry mouth, impaired circulation to the extremities, HTN, headache, cardiac arrhythmia.
Ephedrine stimulates both α- and β-receptors, thereby causing bronchodilation, peripheral vasoconstriction and CNS stimulation. It also has stimulant action on the resp centre.
Patient with unstable vasomotor symptoms, history of seizure disorder. Renal impairment. Elderly. Pregnancy.
Increased risk of arrhythmias with TCAs, cardiac glycosides and quinidine. Increased risk of vasoconstrictor or pressor effects with ergot alkaloids and oxytocin. Increased incidence of nausea, nervousness and insomnia with theophylline. Decrease pressor effect with reserpine and methyldopa. May potentiate the stimulant effect of caffeine. May increase the clearance and prolong the half-life of dexamethasone in patients with asthma. Antagonises the antihypertensive effect of guanethidine.
Potentially Fatal: May cause hypertensive crisis with MAOIs. Increased risk of cardiac arrhythmias with β-blockers and volatile liq anaesth (e.g. halothane, cyclopropane). Additive effects and increased toxicity with other sympathomimetic drugs.
Pregnancy: Category C. Either studies in animals have revealed adverse effects on the foetus (teratogenic or embryocidal or other) and there are no controlled studies in women or studies in women and animals are not available. Drugs should be given only if the potential benefit justifies the potential risk to the foetus.
Ephedrine Hydrochloride Injection may accelerate the fetal heart rate when used to control maternal hypotension during spinal anaesthesia for delivery. Ephedrine Hydrochloride Injection should not be used if the maternal blood pressure is greater than 130/80 Hg.
Lactation: Ephedrine Hydrochloride is distributed into breast milk, and therefore Ephedrine Hydrochloride Injection is not recommended for use during lactation because of the risk of adverse effects in the infant.
Coronary thrombosis, ischaemic heart disease, HTN, thyrotoxicosis, DM, prostatic hypertrophy, angle-closure glaucoma; post nasal or sinus surgery (nasal soln). Lactation. Patients taking MAOIs (or within 2 wk of withdrawal), other sympathomimetic drugs, β-blockers, and those who are given volatile anaesth.
Symptoms: Nausea, vomiting, HTN, fever, palpitations, tachycardia, restlessness, resp depression, convulsions; paranoid psychosis, delusions and hallucinations may also occur.
Management: Supportive and symptomatic treatment. Induce emesis and perform gastric lavage. May give diazepam to control seizures; manage pyrexia with external cooling and dexamethasone 1 mg/kg by slow IV inj.
Store between 20-25°C. Protect from light and moisture.
Asmaphen Tablet price in Bangladesh 0.42