|Generic:||Interferon Alfa-2a (Recombinant)|
|Weight:||4.5 MIU/0.5 ml|
|Therapeutic Class:||Immunological Chemotherapy|
|Manufacturer:||Incepta Pharmaceuticals Limited|
|Last Updated:||2020-11-21 18:15:00|
Alfaferon SC Injection contains Interferon Alfa-2a (Recombinant). Alfaferon uses:
Interferon alfa-2a is indicated for the treatment of chronic hepatitis C and hairy cell leukemia in patients 18 years of age or older. In addition, it is indicated for chronic phase, Philadelphia chromosome (Ph) positive chronic myelogenous leukemia (CML) patients who are minimally pretreated (within 1 year of diagnosis).
For Patients With Chronic Hepatitis C: Interferon alfa-2a is indicated for use in patients with chronic hepatitis C diagnosed by HCV antibody and/or a history of exposure to hepatitis C who have compensated liver disease and are 18 years of age or older. A liver biopsyand a serum test for the presence of antibody to HCV should be performed to establish the diagnosis of chronic hepatitis C. Other causes of hepatitis, including hepatitis B, should be excluded prior to therapy with Interferon alfa-2a .
Alfaferon SC Injection contains Interferon Alfa-2a (Recombinant) 4.5 MIU/0.5 ml. Alfaferon doses:
Renal cell carcinoma: In an escalating dose of 3 million unit 3 times/week for 1 week, then 9 million unit 3 times/week for 1 week, then 18 million unit 3 times/week thereafter for 3-12 month.
Chronic hepatitis B: 2.5-5 million unit/m2 3 times/week for 4-6 month. Chronic hepatitis C with ribavirin: 3-4.5 million unit 3 times/week for 6 month. Monotherapy: 3 million unit 3 times/ week for 12 month. Hairy cell leukaemia 3 million unit/day for 16-24 week. Maintenance: 3 million unit 3 times/week, up to 24 week.
AIDS related Kaposi's sarcoma: In an escalating dose of 3 million unit/day for 3 days, 9 million unit/day for 3 days, 18 million unit/day for 3 days, and 36 million unit/day (if tolerated) on days 10-84. thereafter max tolerated dose (up to 36 million u) 3 times/week.
Chronic myeloid leukaemia: In an escalating dose of 3 million unit/day for 3 days, 6 million unit/day for 3 days, and 9 million unit/day thereafter. For responders after 12 week: Continue treatment until haematological response is complete or up to 18 month. Follicular lymphoma As adjunct to chemotherapy: 6 million unit/m2/day on days 22-26 of each 28-day cycle.
Cutaneous T-cell lymphoma: In an escalating dose of 3 million unit/day for 3 days, then 9 million unit/day for 3 days, and then 18 million unit/day to complete 12 week of treatment. Thereafter, max tolerated dose (up to 18 million unit) 3 times/week for at least 12 month in responders.
Melanoma: 3 million unit 3 times/week for 18 month. Start treatment no later than 6 week after surgery.
Depressive illness, suicidal behaviour, irritability, insomnia, anxiety. Flu-like symptoms. Headache, dizziness, paraesthesia, confusion, impaired concentration, alteration in taste or smell. Gl disturbances. Dryness of oropharynx, epistaxis, rhinitis, arrhythmia, sinusitis. Inj site reaction, alopecia, rash, dry skin or pruritus. Conjunctivitis, menstrual irregularity, visual disturbances. Coughing, dyspnoea. Myalgia, joint or bone pain, arthritis or polyarthritis. Bone marrow depression.
Interferon alfa-2a has antiviral, antitumour and immunomodulatory activity. It inhibits replication of a wide range of RNA and DNA viruses. It also exerts antiproliferative effects on normal and malignant cells. Interferon alfa-2a suppresses antibody formation through an effect on B-lymphocytes and inhibits onset of delayed hypersensitivity.
History of depression (monitor for signs). Perform regular neuropsychiatric monitoring. Seizure disorders and/or compromised CNS function. Preexisting or any history of cardiac disease. Monitor CBC prior to and during therapy. Myelosuppression or concurrent use of myelosuppressive drugs. Hypothyroidism, hyperthyroidism, DM. Perform ophthalmological exam on patients with preexisting ophthalmologic disorders (e.g. diabetic or hypertensive retinopathy). Monitor patients with impaired renal function.
Reduces clearance of theophylline. Enhanced myelosuppression with other myelosuppressive drugs (e.g. zidovudine). Drugs metabolised by CYP450 pathway (monitor for changes in pharmacologic or adverse effects of concomitant drug). Increased risk of toxicity of centrally acting drugs. Increased risk of renal failure with interleukin-2.
Pregnancy Category: Interferon Alfa-2a should be administered only if the benefit to the woman justifies the potential risk to the foetus. Although animal tests do not indicate that Roferon-A is a teratogen, harm to the foetus from use during pregnancy cannot be excluded. When doses greatly in excess of the recommended clinical dose were administered to pregnant rhesus monkeys in the early to mid foetal period, an abortifacient effect was observed.
Nursing mothers: It is not known whether Interferon Alfa-2a is secreted in human milk. A decision must be taken whether to suspend breast-feeding or to discontinue the medicine, taking into account the importance of the medicine to the mother.
Interferon Alfa-2a is contraindicated in
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